How has AI research developed?

Overview.
In the last few years, AI research has been developing rapidly. In our daily lives, AI has become a topic that is frequently covered in the media.
However, surprisingly little is known about artificial intelligence research, which has already been going on for half a century.
In this article, I will explain how AI has developed in order to make it easier to explain.

Birth of the computer
The world’s first computer was a huge computer called the ENIAC at the University of Pennsylvania in the United States in 1946.
With the birth of the Eniac, I was convinced that there would come a time in the future when computers would far surpass the human brain.

Dartmouth Conference (USA)
In 1956, a group of scientists met at a place called Dartmouth in the United States for a meeting. This conference would later become known as the Dartmouth Conference.
The conference discussed whether it is possible for computers to act as intelligently as humans, and the term Artifical Intelligence (AI) appeared for the first time.

The first AI boom (late 1950s to 1960s)
As computer technology advances, it will be able to deal with certain problems.
(The “specific problem” here is a simple problem like a maze or a proof of a mathematical theorem.)
However, because they could not solve complex problems, the research on artificial intelligence fell into disuse.

The second AI boom (1980s)
With the advent of databases, we will be able to manage and accumulate knowledge.
With the idea that putting knowledge into a computer makes you smarter, a development called an expert system was created.
Once again, AI research has fallen into disrepute as it has found it difficult to accumulate and manage knowledge.

The third AI boom (2010s)
With the advent of big data, machine learning, in which AI acquires knowledge by itself using a large amount of data, has been put to practical use.
In addition, the emergence of deep running (deep learning), which AI learns by itself, has given rise to today’s research.